1) Russia shares its land border with 14 countries. These countries are Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland , Belarus,Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea.
2) Russia is as big as dwarf planet Pluto. At 17,075,400 square kilometres , Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth’s inhabited land area.
3)In Russia , It is mandatory for all male citizens aged 18–27 to be drafted for a year of service in Armed Forces. Conscription or Drafting is the compulsory enlistment of people in some sort of national service, most often military service. It is believed that Drafting helps with the attachment to one’s homeland and devotion to one’s country.
4)Russia has the largest number of nuclear weapons in the world. It has the second largest fleet of ballistic missile submarines and is the only country apart from the United States with a modern strategic bomber force. Russia’s tank force is the largest in the world.
5)There are 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia, 40 UNESCO biosphere reserves, 41 national parks and 101 nature reserves.
6)Country of “the lungs of Europe”. Russia has the world’s largest forest reserves, known as “the lungs of Europe“, second only to the Amazon Rainforest in the amount of carbon dioxide it absorbs. There are 266 mammal species and 780 bird species in Russia.
7)Country of longest railway line in the world. The Trans-Siberian Railway (TSR) is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East and the Sea of Japan. With a length of 9,289 km (5,772 mi), it is the longest railway line in the world. There are even connecting branch lines into China and North Korea. Since 1916 , It has connected Moscow with Vladivostok. It runs for 7 days to reach Vladivostok from Moscow.
8)Country of 100 languages. Russia’s 160 ethnic groups speak some 100 languages. 142.6 million people speak Russian, followed by Tatar with 5.3 million and Ukrainian with 1.8 million speakers. Russian is the only official state language, but the Constitution gives the individual republics the right to establish their own state languages in addition to Russian.
9)There are more women in Russia than men. As a result of the large gender difference in life expectancy, and also because of the lasting effect of high casualties in World War II, the gender imbalance remains to this day; there are 0.859 males to every female. There are over 500,000 alcohol related deaths each year in Russia.
10) Russian scientists have grown flowering plants using seeds stored by squirrels 30,000 years ago and preserved by the Siberian permafrost. The seeds of the herbaceous Silene stenophylla are by far the oldest plant tissue to have been brought back to life.The previous record for viable regeneration of ancient flora was with 2000-year-old date palm seeds at the Masada fortress near the Dead Sea in Israel.
11)Russian scientists have domesticated Silver Fox. The domesticated silver fox is a domesticated form of the silver morph of the red fox. As a result of selective breeding, the new foxes became tamer and more dog-like. This also helps us in explaining how men created dog.
12)Russia has a museum that hires cats. The State Hermitage Museum in St.Petersburg ‘hires’ cats to guard its artworks against rodents. The so-called ‘guard cats’ go unnoticed as they dwell in the attics and basements, away from the tourist eye. The museum administration has been ‘employing’ these highly skillful ‘guards’ ever since the museum was founded in 1764.
13)The name “vodka” is a diminutive form of the Slavic word voda (water) .The word “vodka” was recorded for the first time in 1405 in Akta Grodzkie. The blue colour in the above map shows the Vodka belt.